华夏基石e洞察 2020/5/4 

以下文章来源于混沌大学 ,作者混沌大学

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5Njc3Mjk0Mg==&mid=2650405682&idx=1&sn=5725bc7675cadc3e994ee0d74b361b23&chksm=bee97613899eff058860df42a5a85eef88833ed4e5b9f62efb548be8fb1c4672762e7d4782c0&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1588565856454&sharer_shareid=f14234539e09a08e77a9206f4cc494e3&exportkey=AkeKtpiQTzC9doi3J0UbzmA%3D&pass_ticket=YeX4y8%2Bb2T5As0qUx3PmWYDmapXkOiS4erf%2FsnmplW3ut3LRjpaJjJ0p9WDEmpT7#rd

New York Times, April 28, 2020

By Paul Krugman.  nytdirect@nytimes.com

(在這篇文章裡,Krugman再次挑戰「政府舉債是債留子孫」的說法,並指出美國保守派最不能容忍他挑戰這點,雖說共和黨政府一再大幅減富人稅,其實也是大幅增加政府赤字及債務,但這樣的舉債卻不會受到保守派的反對。顯然這是很政治性的議題。

台灣超額儲蓄極為龐大,然而「合宜的」基礎建設卻甚為滯後,例如台北捷運的建設因受制於預算而進展緩慢,同時,政府舉債受到高度限制,這意味著保守的看法在阻礙我們將自身龐大的儲蓄,運用到需要的建設上。)

I get a lot of hate mail; in fact, I worry if a column doesn’t generate a big backlash, because it suggests that I may have been off my game. But it’s interesting to see what generates the most hate. In general, writing “Donald Trump is a terrible person” gets a sort of collective shrug; who isn’t saying that these days? The real vitriol tends to come over monetary and fiscal policy.

In particular, I don’t think anything I’ve written has angered as many people as my declaration five years ago that debt is money we owe to ourselves — a point I naïvely imagined would be self-evident once people thought about it. But it turns out that challenging the notion that government borrowing imposes a burden on our children and grandchildren deeply offends many people, even though that notion makes very little sense. More »

2020-04-27 · · Categories: 反思經濟學

原创 政文观止 政文观止 Poliview 2020/4/27

文献来源:Migdal, J. S. (2009). Researching the State. in Lichbach, Mark Irving, and Alan S. Zuckerman ed., Comparative politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure, pp. 162-192.

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzI5ODY0MTQ1OA==&mid=2247486871&idx=1&sn=bddd2d81c32da6a2e6d9cc8585cf206d&chksm=eca3fccadbd475dc09872f45dc66625792e9e069cffb049fddd1867e4734d9dbcd5594e5ed43&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1587958060958&sharer_shareid=7cb727674e6e37e86c99db3f8939684f&exportkey=Am3SCrcQHcw1qFN2rP1Sq9w%3D&pass_ticket=q7lqtYGXvmmpCm1wBca27TfgtKxpd%2F%2B%2BBOpOGyUi0%2BsyfTeFZOm%2Fy83PR8Yf8M5N#rd

国家是比较政治分析的绝妙对象,不论国家是大是小、是强是弱、是富是穷,是古老抑或新兴,关于国家性(stateness)的标准使得我们可以对不同国家进行比较。同时,国家的比较也给比较政治研究者带来了诸多棘手的难题。今天世界上存在将近200个国家,国家的实然状态相差如此之大,国家之间几乎不可能基于某一标准而进行比较了。尤其是所谓瓦解国家、失败国家、犯罪化国家的出现,一些国家甚至丧失了提供安全环境或汲取税收的功能,这样的国家连国家性标准的最低要求都达不到。此外,自20世纪80年代以来,所有国家都面临着全球化的挑战,全球化在很多方面都削弱了国家对其民众的统治能力以及民众与国家之间的联系,这也让许多国家看起来缺乏国家性。本文将探讨在这一情形下,学界在比较政治学中发展国家研究的困难与希望。

2020-04-27 · · Categories: 國際經濟情勢

原创 歧路听桥 聽贰拾肆橋 2020/4/26

乔治·帕克(George Packer)

(作者是美国《大西洋》杂志特约撰稿人,著有《 Our Man: Richard Holbrooke and the End of the American Century 》和《The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America》。本文原题“Underlying Conditions”,见于《大西洋》杂志2020年6月号,提前发布的网络版题为“We Are Living in a Failed State”。

在没完没了的3月间,美国人每天早上醒来,都发现他们自己成了一个失败国家的公民。

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=Mzg2MTI0NTA5MA==&mid=2247484435&idx=1&sn=0808508a33d6aa3758542978e9014a2d&chksm=ce1b5fdef96cd6c8a09f50ac271512b77550f3802e1d996be9da0d9e8bb25a957ffeac6bdb81&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1587911388214&sharer_shareid=f14234539e09a08e77a9206f4cc494e3&exportkey=AqqVOxuZ9xSjkxZ65KazET8%3D&pass_ticket=q7lqtYGXvmmpCm1wBca27TfgtKxpd%2F%2B%2BBOpOGyUi0%2BsyfTeFZOm%2Fy83PR8Yf8M5N#rd