Conference coordinators: Olivier Blanchard (PIIE) and Dani Rodrik (Harvard University)

October 17, 2019 9:00 AM to October 18, 2019 5:15 PM

PIIE Webcast, Washington, DC

https://www.piie.com/events/combating-inequality-rethinking-policies-reduce-inequality-advanced-economies?from=singlemessage&isappinstalled=0

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) held a major conference on “Combating Inequality: Rethinking Policies to Reduce Inequality in Advanced Economies," on October 17–18, 2019. The conference coordinators were Olivier Blanchard, C. Fred Bergsten Senior Fellow at PIIE, and Dani Rodrik, Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Inequality has increased in almost all advanced economies, to alarming levels in some cases as in the United States. It is essential, therefore, to consider the full range of policies, in education, finance, labor markets, taxation, and beyond, to address it. The purpose of the conference is to take stock of knowledge about specific concrete policies that can be deployed to reduce within-country inequality in advanced economies. The conference comprised one survey paper to set the landscape on the evolution of inequality in advanced economies, two general panels on the moral and political aspects of inequality, and a series of policy proposals.

Olivier Blanchard began organizing the Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy series at the International Monetary Fund, where he was the chief economist from 2008 to 2015. This year’s Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy Conference, the fifth in the series, featured Nobel laureates Angus Deaton and Peter Diamond, among two dozen leading policy scholars who discussed inequality issues and shared policy recommendations in high-level panel discussions.

MIT Press will publish a conference volume in 2020.

2019-10-21 · · Categories: 其他, 國際經濟情勢

乌·额·宝力格 东方历史评论 2019/1014

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5OTA5MzAwMQ==&mid=2654519080&idx=1&sn=d1f8455f3caab8501ff04a93d3a52d89&chksm=bd0ca94e8a7b20582d7942e65e07c195a7facb2bf2bdab1001feb0f76bb7e97b2e97b78d4a3c&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1571107026287&sharer_shareid=f14234539e09a08e77a9206f4cc494e3&pass_ticket=tUlUQVXLdR1Gt5UVL9hNyFxJbFLcAP68cW0iPKlhWkssMJfJygVCPxlkvcumjTGf#rd

所有上述回忆都在挑战道伊乐诗歌的真实性,认为他所强调的二等兵因爱国而捐躯是建立在谎言基础上的,是《泰晤士报》记者为了鼓舞人心而编造出来的故事,最起码也是没有太多根据、没有查清楚情况下写的报道。而这些回忆者才是真正的见证者。所以我们从中可以看到,记者身后带有国家的影子,他有一种宏观的角度,他要激发全国人民一致对外、一致爱国。而国家本身又是由对立阶级组成的,因此在宣传底层爱国的同时造成了上层的不满,形成了一种冲突。

From: 赵树凯 读书杂志 2019/10/16

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA3ODk5NTAzNA==&mid=2652140548&idx=1&sn=d2e5d4e48d3b288f8d260ad375776821&chksm=845a9f31b32d1627732740586f14c3271602737c98a9fec19baf4d7c6d032e88314cfab0233a&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1571292241709&sharer_shareid=1e0301db282f44b06e8508947ab9d618&pass_ticket=S2VUzfykmS5qM5h6Ju%2FqMYBltWFSHBzTZWeng4z3AFEf7I%2F7liUrzP2IL7gLvLLg#rd

编者按: 洪源远(Yuen Yuen Ang)的How China Escaped the Poverty Trap一书,出版以来广受好评,其以大量丰富的调研和访谈为基础,形成对中国发展的新的理论解读,为广大发展中国家提供了中国模式,向世界讲述了中国经验和中国故事。赵树凯以“何以发展”“政府何为”以及“改革何来”三个问题层层迭进,将洪源远的观点进行了整体的结构、梳理和评价,阐述了中国式发展模式的不同阶段、地方制度的建立以及中央和地方在改革发展中的关系等问题。

By David LeonhardtOCT. 6, 2019  NYT

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/10/06/opinion/income-tax-rate-wealthy.html

For the first time on record, the 400 wealthiest Americans last year paid a lower total tax rate — spanning federal, state and local taxes — than any other income group, according to newly released data.

The data here come from the most important book on government policy that I’ve read in a long time — called “The Triumph of Injustice,” to be released next week. The authors are Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman, both professors at the University of California, Berkeley, who have done pathbreaking work on taxes.

The overall tax rate on the richest 400 households last year was only 23 percent, meaning that their combined tax payments equaled less than one quarter of their total income. This overall rate was 70 percent in 1950 and 47 percent in 1980.

the top 0.1 per cent of Americans own the same share of US wealth (22 per cent) as the bottom 90 per cent.

From: 林孝庭 东方历史评论 2019/10/16

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5OTA5MzAwMQ==&mid=2654519091&idx=1&sn=366b9fa92a32fff7be562b2996a0292c&chksm=bd0ca9558a7b20434bf8123dd964d062292e52de18c87bd068254184bcb0bed0916a98894911&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1571191100348&sharer_shareid=f14234539e09a08e77a9206f4cc494e3&pass_ticket=NmRVBoNCw874peBaLmvHtuiQjPVVZX1SOjf5yNal6rPDoIZWjddtQC3I8glLltj2#rd