天下雜誌689期

採訪整理  陳良榕  2019-12-30

https://www.cw.com.tw/article/articleLogin.action?fbclid=IwAR34Na4BRyA3Qp_9cc0pfvUmshtJVVAhgmbTWepKzNiG3C35pJUynL5018Q&id=5098366&share=eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJhcnRpY2xlX2lkIjo1MDk4MzY2LCJ1c2VyX25hbWUiOiJcdTU0MzNcdTc0MmNcdTc0NWMiLCJpc3MiOiJodHRwczpcL1wvd3d3LmN3LmNvbS50dyIsImlhdCI6MTU3NzcwMDA5NCwibmJmIjoxNTc3NzAwMDAwLCJleHAiOjE1Nzc3OTAwMDB9.NimJBDbePaAr_ZR5zCLD0_Fn2GHmJ5rwxwiI-ypwZtA&utm_campaign=fb_-website_share-list-np&utm_medium=website_share&utm_source=fb_

比较 比较  2019/12/25

作者:沈梓鑫  江飞涛

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA5MzQxNjQ2Nw==&mid=2650700981&idx=1&sn=0f9351c64842793b87a8cb91d265c080&chksm=8854e1c9bf2368df570e3848ad9e6278f4eb95678f1a241ecf5ca57174d2315dcc0d3d1128aa&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1577273544013&sharer_shareid=f14234539e09a08e77a9206f4cc494e3&exportkey=AtvSgpXW%2FNdDiVhoa2qYqvw%3D&pass_ticket=hl8gQUW3fzfZU5YvHYMqKmiN7BPJ2k3wzxxEAJM8wgB16iD%2B5UGOv0YoNOzyPL%2FP#rd

二战结束以后,美国在全球政治、经济和科技领域确立领先优势。围绕美国在崛起过程中以及在领先之后是否实行产业政策以及如何实行产业政策,各国学者、产业政策研究者展开激烈争论。文章通过对近现代美国产业政策的主要目标、战略重点和具体措施进行历史透视和现实追踪,着力于揭示美国产业政策的真相:美国联邦政府是在尊重市场机制和公平竞争基本原则的前提下,构建起以科技与创新政策为核心的现代产业政策体系,而政府在其中正发挥着越来越积极的作用。2008年金融危机爆发以后,美国政府在战略部署上以推动先进制造业为主要目标,将产业政策与竞争政策共同视作促进产业发展与竞争力提升的重要政策,在具体措施上更为隐蔽和多样化,主要采用功能性、服务性政策工具,重点支持基础技术与通用技术的研究与扩散。文章还及时追踪了特朗普执政以来的最新产业政策并加以分析,这对当前我国的创新战略制定和产业政策设计具有重要的启示意义。

陆铭 铭心而论 2019/12/27

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzI3NDUzNjE1Mg==&mid=2247486080&idx=1&sn=a942131029623ed7d5eaa6dfeec91a10&chksm=eb13c937dc644021889290e1c2c86148c86186909eb27fa2e6b2e478052977500b5f7d0084a4&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1577421156093&sharer_shareid=07139e7cc8452cb8c7b2e6a27d330b31&exportkey=Aqo4ZqpkGtywEOusIiQ1EVE%3D&pass_ticket=lroUe8wujnqMsqfBqVUS%2FtUKU%2BO5s%2BNMyaHSly8gvvk5W4Sk4ZEvI%2FUvM%2BYLy0Ct#rd

中央财经委员会在8月26日召开的第五次会议指出,“要按照客观经济规律调整完善区域政策体系,发挥各地区比较优势,促进各类要素合理流动和高效集聚”,要“增强中心城市和城市群等经济发展优势区域的经济和人口承载能力”。然而,反观现实,在传统体制下,每一个地方政府都有辖区范围之内经济增长、招商引资和税收最大化的诉求,结果是地区之间存在同质化的竞争、重复建设和产业的零碎化发展。城市群内一体化目标的实现,面临着传统体制的束缚。

2019-12-26 · · Categories: 國際經濟情勢

DECEMBER 2019

The State of U.S. Competitiveness 2019

https://www.hbs.edu/competitiveness/Documents/a-recovery-squandered.pdf

despite a decade of steady economic growth since the Great Recession, America has done remarkably little to address underlying structural weaknesses in the country’s economy and society. The nation has squandered the recovery. We discuss this pattern in chapters on the disappointing trajectory of U.S. competitiveness, the dysfunction in America’s political system that has contributed to the trajectory, the role of business in political dysfunction, the unfinished business of U.S. tax reform, and America’s faltering system for attracting global talent.

From: TsinghuaCIFER 国际金融与经济研究中心CIFER  2019/12/24

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzU3MjczOTEyMA==&mid=2247488337&idx=1&sn=016b44536c7c92d5f9d55dd28c25af66&chksm=fccd080ecbba8118bce12af6b50fdc4af099696c377d9482d2af9b5f28bc000b67571cd115ac&mpshare=1&scene=1&srcid=&sharer_sharetime=1577158341796&sharer_shareid=4131b67337ea2f60fd422dd60ae25c05&exportkey=AowsjGO9eZ1jH2nrTsKVoNc%3D&pass_ticket=XKfOk0hdwehTTc0wzYIb51M3KPeIxBfBqzmSI9n%2FL61ZhWhRkE5Hkks5ZfBqP7oG#rd